Myanmar's military staged a coup on Monday, detaining democratically elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi and declaring it had taken control of the country for one year under a state of emergency. The military declared that a state of emergency by issuing order No.1 2021 has the effect of law through Myawady TV this morning. Vice President Myint Swe announced that he would serve as the acting president. The intervention followed weeks of rising tensions between the military, which ruled the country for nearly five decades, and the civilian government over elections in November last year that Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) party won easily.
Suu Kyi and President Win Myint were detained in the capital, just hours before parliament was meant to reconvene for the first time since the elections. The military then declared, via its own television channel, a one-year state of emergency and announced that former general Myint Swe would be acting president for the next year. Due to these acts, protests took place across the country to show the distrust with the election commission. Other political parties and organizations demonstrated using the State Flags. These demonstrations have an adverse effect on the state stability. These issues are not solved the properly there will be difficulties on our way to democracy. In order to solve the matters lawfully a state of emergency was declared as per Section 417 of the 2008 constitution.
The power to enact laws, administration and the judicial power, including the revision and confirming of the voting results, has been given to the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services as per Section 418 of the Constitution. Interestingly, Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Senior General Min Aung Hlaing had said three days ago that the constitution was the mother law but it must be revoked if there is a failure to respect it. The military chief made the remark during a meeting with senior officer instructors and senior officer trainees from National Defence College through video conferencing on January 27. India has a complicated relationship with the civilian government and military in Myanmar, as reflected in the most recent high-level Indian visit to the country – foreign secretary Harsh Shringla was accompanied by Indian Army chief Gen MM Naravane during the trip last October.
While backing democratic forces in Myanmar, India has also retained close contacts with the military leadership because of security concerns related to its northeastern states. A number of militant groups from the northeast have had bases in Myanmar over the past few decades and the Indian Army has collaborated with its Myanmar counterpart to put pressure on them and conduct joint operations. Meanwhile, The United States, the United Nations and Australia quickly condemned the coup, calling for a restoration of democracy. India also expressed “deep concern” at the military coup in Myanmar and detention of de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi and said the rule of law and democratic process must be upheld.