November 26 is “Constitution Day” of India. It is also known as (National Law Day or Samvidhan Divas. Every year, we celebrate this day on 26 November to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. The Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India on 26 November 1949, and it came into effect on 26 January 1950.
While the Constitution was adopted in November, the enforcement was done in January, giving a thorough reading and translation from English to Hindi in the two-month buffer time.
The constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens justice, equality and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity. The original 1950 constitution is preserved in the helium-filled case at the Parliament House. The words secular and socialist were added to the preamble in 1976 during an emergency.
The Constitution was drawn from a number of sources. It’s framers borrowed features of previous legislation such as the Government of India Act 1858, the Indian Council Acts of 1861, 1892 and 1909, the Government of India Acts of 1991 and 1935, and the Indian Independence Act 1947.
The Bill seeks to provide for the advancement of “economically weaker sections” of citizens.
The Constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by elected members of the provincial assemblies. The 289-member assembly took almost three years to draft the constitution holding eleven sessions over a 165-day period. Dr BR Ambedkar was a wise constitutional expert; he had studied the constitution of about 60 countries. Ambedkar is recognized as the “Father of the Constitution of India.
The constitution of India is the supreme law of India .at present there are, 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 101 amendments in the Indian Constitution. Initially, i.e in 1949, the Constitution had 395 articles. But many new articles came into play and we total have now 469 articles.
There are 103 amendments have been made in the Indian constitution so far. The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Fourth Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Mr Thaawar Chand Gehlot on January 8, 2019.